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Historical revolution
Time:2019-07-29 15:56:29
The domain under Shijiazhuang has a long history. It is recorded in “Yu Gong” (a geographic book in ancient China) that Shijiazhuang is under Jizhou in Xia dynasty. In the Spring and Autumn period, Xianyu Kingdom (capital set in Xinchengpu,Zhengding now), Gu Kingdom (capital set in the west of Jinzhou now) and Fei Kingdom (capital set in Nanchengzi Village, the west of Gaocheng District now) are existed in Shijiazhuang domain. In the Warring States period, Xianyu clan establishes Zhongshan Kingdom (capital set in Beixiasanji, Pingshan now). The First Emperor of Qin dynasty unifies China, the system of prefectures and counties are carried out and Shijiazhuang is under Julujun (local government seat in Julu County now). In the 3rd year of the reign of Emperor Gaozu of the Western Han Dynasty (204 BC), Hengshanjun is established (local government seat in the northwest of Yuanshi County now). In the early years of the reign of Emperor Wen of Han, Hengshanjun is renamed Changshanjun for the taboo on using the personal name of Emperor Wen, Liu Heng. In the 11th year of the reign of Emperor Gaozu of the Western Han Dynasty (196 BC), Dongyuanxian (local government seat in Donggucheng, Shijiazhuang now) is renamed Zhendingxian and Zhending Kingdom (capital set in Donggucheng now) is established in Yuanding 4th year of the reign of Emperor Wu of Han (113 BC). In the Three Kingdoms period, Shijiazhuang is in Wei Kingdom, respectively under Changshanjun, Anpingjun, Zhao Kingdom, Julujun and Zhongshan Kingdom. In the Western Jin Dynasty, Shijiazhuang is respectively under Changshanjun, Jizhou (local government seat be shifted from the northwest of Yuanshi County to Donggucheng now in the Western Jin Dynasty, then from Donggucheng to Zhengding Town now in the Eastern Jin Dynasty), Zhongshan Kingdom, Julujun, Zhao Kingdom and Boling Kingdom. In Sui Dynasty, Shijiazhuang is respectively under Hengshanjun (later renamed Hengzhou with local government seat in Zhending, now Zhengding Town), Zhaojun (local government seat in Pingji, now Zhaozhou Town), Xindujun (local government seat in Jizhou City now) and Gaoyangjun (local government seat in Dingzhou City now). In the Five Dynasties period, Shijiazhuang is under the commissioner, Chengde Army, Hebei which governs Zhenzhou (local government seat in Zhengding Town now), Zhaozhou (local government seat in Zhaozhou Town now), Dingzhou (local government seat in Dingzhou City now) and Qizhou (local government seat in Wuji Town now). In Song Dynasty, Shijiazhuang is under Hebei west part (local government seat in Zhengding Town now). In Yuan Dynasty, Shijiazhuang is under Zhendinglu (local government seat in Zhengding Town now), Baodinglu (local government seat in Baoding City now), Guangpinglu (local government seat Yongnian County now), etc. In Ming Dynasty, Shijiazhuang is under Zhengdingfu (local government seat in Zhengding Town now) and Baodingfu (local government seat in Qingyuan County now). In Qing Dynasty, Shijiazhuang is under Zhendingfu (local government seat in Zhengding Town now and renamed Zhengdingfu in Yongzheng 1st year of Qing Dynasty), Baodingfu (local government seat in Qingyuan County now), Zhaozhou (local government seat in Zhaozhou Town now) and Dingzhou (local government seat first in Qizhou and then shifted in Yongzheng 12th year to Dingzhou City now). R.C. 1st year (1912), Republic of China is founded and the system in Qing Dynasty is adopted. R.C. 3rd year (1914), Fu is abolished and Dao is established. June 24, R.C. 14th year (1925), Zhili Province is ordered by Provisional Government of Republic of China to establish Shijiazhuang City of municipality level. August 29, by order (No. 1273) of Provisional Government of Republic of China, Shijiazhuang and Shimen are merged and renamed Shimen and Shimen Municipal Government is established to prepare to build municipality. R.C. 17th year (1928), Nanjing National Government orders to abolish the Municipal Government nationwide and the municipality. So far, the Municipality building suspends. January 15, R.C. 27th year (1938), Shimen Municipal Government Preparatory Office is established. October 7, R.C. 28th year (1939), approved by Administrative Council, Provisional Government, Republic of China, Shimen City is established. November 12, R.C. 36th year (1947), Shimen is liberated and renamed Shijiazhuang on December 26. September 26, R.C. 37th year (1948), Shijiazhuang City is directly under North China People’s Government. January 24, R.C. 38th year (1949), Yangquan City is put under the administration of Shijiazhuang City (on August 19, back to Shanxi Province). August 1, Shijiazhuang City is put under Hebei Provincial People’s Government and under provincial administration. In 1949, Shijiazhuang Special Prefecture is established, governing 14 counties and 1 town. On April 28, 1958, Shijiazhuang is shifted from provincially administered city to prefectural administered city. On May 3, 1960, the State Council authorizes to abolish Shijiazhuang Special Prefecture and established Shijiazhuang City. In May 1961, the State Council authorizes to reestablish Shijiazhuang Special Prefecture, governing Shijiazhuang City and 25 counties. In June 1962, the State Council authorized to establish Hengshui Special Prefecture and 8 counties originally under Shijiazhuang Special Prefecture are put under Hengshui Special Prefecture. Then Shijiazhuang Special Prefecture governs Shijiazhuang City and 17 counties. November 21, 1967, Shijiazhuang Prefectural Revolutionary Committee is established and special prefecture is changed to prefecture. On December 20, 1967, Shijiazhuang Municipal Revolutionary Committee is established. On January 29, 1968, Hebei provincial capital is moved to Shijiazhuang. March 11, 1978, Shijiazhuang City is put directly under Hebei Province. In July 1978, Shijiazhuang Prefectural Revolutionary Committee is abolished and Shijiazhuang Prefectural Administrative Office is established. On August 12, 1982, Shijiazhuang Municipal Revolutionary Committee is abolished and Shijiazhuang Municipal People’s Government is reestablished. On June 20, 1993, Shijiazhuang Municipal Revolutionary Committee and Shijiazhuang Municipal People’s Government are merged into a new Shijiazhuang Municipal People’s Government.
 
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